The capital city of Italy, Rome is known around the world for its iconic history and the Colosseum is regarded as the symbol of Rome since the middle ages.
Even after the ruin of Roman civilization, the Colosseum is standing still with pride and is attracting millions of tourists from all over the world. The Colosseum depicts a unique history as it survived several natural disasters like earthquakes and plant overgrowing, looting, pollution.
History of Colosseum: Why it was built and what was it used for?
Colosseum was made between 70-72 AD between as a gift for the people of Rome by emperor Emperor Vespasian. It took nearly a decade to complete the construction of the Colosseum and officially opened for the Roman people in 80 AD by the Vespasian Son. The purpose before making this amphitheater is to promote welfare. It was the place made for the entertainment of Roman People. Colosseum hosted the gladiator’s fights, animal hunts, executions of prisoners, drama plays and many other bloody games.
The building of the Colosseum was used for nearly 400 years where almost 2000 gladiators lost their lives and about 5000 animals were slaughtered. Tigers, lions, leopards, elephants, bears, rhinos, crocodiles and giraffes all were the victims in the exotic animal hunt shows that took place in the Colosseum.
By the 6th century, the spectacles at the Colosseum comes to an end after the struggle of the Roman Empire. Eventually, the stones of the Colosseum were used in the new projects in Rome
By the 20th century, almost 75% of the building was destroyed by the earthquake and human neglect.
In the 1990s, the renovation work was started in Colosseum and it resorted to the glory of Rome and become a famous tourist site in the world.
The architecture of the Colosseum:
Colosseum is the largest amphitheater in the Roman Empire which has an average capacity of 65,000 audiences. Colosseum also holds the record for the largest amphitheater ever built with the spread in the area of 6 acres. The colosseum is standing free unlike other structures of Rome. The outer wall of the Colosseum is made up of travertine stones which were held with iron clamps. To protect the audience from the heat and rain, the Colosseum has a canvas awning called velarium.
Also Read: Things to know before visiting Colosseum
Inside the Colosseum:
The amphitheater of Colosseum has a capacity of seating almost 65,000 people at a time. The seats were offered to people like the status of their social ranking. Like the emperor and their family get the best seat in the theatre. The topmost tier was for ordinary people. The lowest tier was reserved for senators and the tier above them was for nobles and knights. The topmost tiers of the amphitheater were for the slaves and the women.
When you visit the inside of the arena, you will see the gateway which was used for the passage of animals and gladiators to the arena. To know more details of the Colosseum and feel the ancient time, you should visit the Colosseum in real life.
Millions of people visit Colosseum to learn about its history, to experience the stories of the bloody games that took place and to admire its iconic architecture.